A uniform definition of the term "life science" has not yet been established. In general, life science encompasses all sciences that are related to life and its processes. "Life sciences" is usually used as a synonymous German term. The life sciences and their sub-areas play an important role in the innovation and growth process in several sectors as cutting-edge and cross-sectional technology. It has enormous potential in the form of new or improved processes, products and services. New markets are emerging and the competitiveness of important supplier sectors and user industries (e.g. pharmaceuticals and chemicals) is being strengthened.
The innovation process in the pharmaceutical industry is essentially driven by progress in the life sciences. New methods and findings regarding the complex metabolic processes in living cells, cell networks, organs and living beings increasingly make it possible to understand the development of diseases in detail at the level of the molecules involved and to develop targeted therapies and medicines.
Biotechnology plays a central role in the life sciences. With the increasing interdisciplinary and cross-industry cooperation, there is an ever-increasing link between biotechnology and a number of other industries, such as e.g. B. medical technology. Red biotechnology (alternatively also medical biotechnology) covers: human and veterinary medicine as well as pharmaceutical development and application of biotechnology, individualized medicine, regenerative medicine, proteomics.
Within medical technology, the focus is on the application of engineering principles and rules in the field of medicine. The joint work of doctors, engineers, computer scientists and natural scientists in the development of medical devices and systems opens up ever-improving possibilities for diagnostics and therapy.